Martin Luther King's Forgotten Speech

Martin Luther King at Riverside Church

Exactly one year before he was assassinated, Martin Luther King gave a speech at Riverside Church in Manhattan. It was at a time that many of his original backers in the white community had grown uneasy with his insistence on attacking the War In Vietnam. Although we celebrate his great civil rights sermons, the Riverside speech has many echoes for our contemporary situation. Here are some excerpts.

Even when pressed by the demands of inner truth, men do not easily assume the task of opposing their government’s policy, especially in time of war. Nor does the human spirit move without great difficulty against all the apathy of conformist thought within one’s own bosom and in the surrounding world. Moreover when the issues at hand seem as perplexed as they often do in the case of this dreadful conflict we are always on the verge of being mesmerized by uncertainty; but we must move on.

*  *  *

Since I am a preacher by trade, I suppose it is not surprising that I have seven major reasons for bringing Vietnam into the field of my moral vision. There is at the outset a very obvious and almost facile connection between the war in Vietnam and the struggle I, and others, have been waging in America. A few years ago there was a shining moment in that struggle. It seemed as if there was a real promise of hope for the poor — both black and white — through the poverty program. There were experiments, hopes, new beginnings. Then came the buildup in Vietnam and I watched the program broken and eviscerated as if it were some idle political plaything of a society gone mad on war, and I knew that America would never invest the necessary funds or energies in rehabilitation of its poor so long as adventures like Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube. So I was increasingly compelled to see the war as an enemy of the poor and to attack it as such.

*  *  *

As I have walked among the desperate, rejected and angry young men (of our ghettos) I have told them that Molotov cocktails and rifles would not solve their problems. I have tried to offer them my deepest compassion while maintaining my conviction that social change comes most meaningfully through nonviolent action. But they asked — and rightly so — what about Vietnam? They asked if our own nation wasn’t using massive doses of violence to solve its problems, to bring about the changes it wanted. Their questions hit home, and I knew that I could never again raise my voice against the violence of the oppressed in the ghettos without having first spoken clearly to the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today — my own government. For the sake of those boys, for the sake of this government, for the sake of hundreds of thousands trembling under our violence, I cannot be silent.

In rereading the whole speech, I was struck by how much harder it has become for politicians to “assume the task of opposing their government’s policy.” There were many important political leaders in the church that April 4th to hear King’s sad and angry words. And not one of them suffered any backlash for being present, in the way Obama has suffered from the association with Rev. Wright. Have we just lost or nerve or is it something deeper?

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0 Responses to Martin Luther King's Forgotten Speech

  1. rob murray says:

    Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose
    Hard to believe that was forty years ago and the voice and the issues are as fresh as this morning;s news.

  2. Bill Farley says:

    I am a Canadian who has been following the Buddhist path now for the last 15 years. I am also 75 years old and vividly remember Vietnam. Thirty-three thousand Canadians went over the border and VOLUNTEERED to fight in Vietnam. Three of them won the Medal of Honour.
    Rev. King’s speech in New York is just as relevant to-day as it was those many years ago. I can only say this:

    Hatred never ceases hatred,
    But by love alone is it healed.
    The Buddha.

    I really enjoy your insights and am a big fan. Thank you for the energy you are putting into keeping many of us informed.

  3. Morgan Warstler says:

    Rev. Wright is just wrong. He can’t be explained away.

    It is offensive to equate MLK with Wright, so easily demeaning someone truly inspirational for political expediency. Rev. Wright is not the next version of a 1960’s icon. Even in the 1960’s Wright would still be wrong. There is nothing brave about Rev. Wright’s preachings, he is not a teller of truth, he sold falsehoods to encourage resentment, he poisoned the next generation.

    Help Obama let the issue slink away. You can’t gain him an inch, but you can lose a mile.

  4. Fentex says:

    A black preacher gives what I’m assumming is a fairly typical fire and brimstone sermon speaking frankly and directly to the concerns and experiences of his parishioners.

    It’s a passionate act, to give a sermon, and quite likely to bring out florid and poetic language.

    If it is true, as Richelieu said “If you give me six lines written by the hand of the most honest of men, I will find something in them which will hang him.” then it’s childish not to expect to find something that can demonize a person in a passionate speech they give.

    It’s a sad commentary on the onerous presence of religion in U.S politics that a sermon, quite typical of preachers in general let alone this man in particular, should be held against someone merely present, as politicians in the U.S are compelled to be, among the congregation.

    It’s also a compliment for Obama that this is the best his opponents can mange.

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